Incorporating Emission Peak and Carbon Neutrality into the Overall Layout of Building an Ecological Civilization

  President Xi Jinping stressed efforts to promote the regulated, healthy and sustainable development of the platform economy and incorporate the peaking of carbon emissions and carbon neutrality into the overall layout of building an ecological civilization at the ninth meeting of the Central Committee for Financial and Economic Affairs

  Li Keqiang, Wang Huning and Han Zheng presented


  [Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, March 15] Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the State Council, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, and Director of the Central Finance Committee hosted the ninth meeting of the Central Committee for Financial and Economic Affairs in the afternoon of March 15 to study the problems faced by healthy development of the platform economy and the basic ideas and main measures to realize emission peak and carbon neutrality.


  President Xi stressed at the meeting that the development of China's platform economy is now at a critical stage. It is important to strengthen weak areas in the sector in both the long and short terms, create an environment for innovation, resolve prominent problems, and promote its regulated, healthy and sustainable development. To achieve emission peak and carbon neutrality is an extensive and profound systemic reform for the economy and society, and should be incorporated into the overall layout of building an ecological civilization. He called for a spirit of perseverance in achieving the goals of emission peak by 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality by 2060.


  Li Keqiang, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Premier of the State Council, and Deputy Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, Wang Huning, ember of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, and Member of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, and Han Zheng, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Premier of the State Council and Member of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, attended the meeting.


  The meeting heard reports from the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the People's Bank of China (PBOC) and the State Administration for Market Regulation on promoting the healthy development of the platform economy, and reports from the NDRC, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Natural Resources on the overall thinking and major measures to achieve emission peak and carbon neutrality.


  The meeting noted that China's platform economy has developed rapidly in recent years, and its status and role in overall economic and social development have become increasingly prominent. Platform economy is conducive to improving the efficiency of the resource allocation in the whole society, accelerating the evolution of technological and industrial changes towards informatization, digitalization and intelligence, connecting all links of the national economic cycle, and improving the level of intelligence, globalization, personalization and refinement of national governance. The overall situation of China's platform economic development is good and its role is positive, but there are also some prominent problems, such as the risk of non-standard development of some platform enterprises, the insufficient development of platform economy, and the inadaptation of the regulatory system.


  The meeting emphasized that we must stick to the correct political direction, start from the strategic height of building new competitive advantages of the country, attach equal importance to development and standardization, grasp the law of platform economic development, establish and improve the platform economic governance system, clarify rules, draw a clear bottom line, strengthen supervision and standardize order, to better balance development with security at home and abroad, promote fair competition, oppose monopolies, and prevent the disorderly expansion of capital; strengthen norms and oversight and safeguard public interests and social stability to form synergy in governance; strengthen openness and cooperation, build a dynamic and innovative institutional environment, and enhance international technological exchanges and cooperation in research and development; and stick to "unswervingly consolidate and develop the public economy" and "unwaveringly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector" to promote the healthy development of private enterprises in the platform economy.


  The meeting pointed out that it is necessary to improve the rules and regulations, accelerate the improvement of platform economy related laws and regulations, make up for the gaps and loopholes in the rules in time, strengthen the construction of data property rights system, and intensify the responsibility of platform enterprises for data security. We need to improve our regulatory capacity and level, optimize the regulatory framework, implement whole-chain supervision before, during and after the event, strengthen the anti-monopoly regulatory force, enhance the authority of regulation, and incorporate all financial activities in financial regulation. We should promote the platform economy to serve high-quality development and life, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and the development of advanced manufacturing with industrial Internet platforms, support platform enterprises in the consumer sector to tap market potential, and increase the supply of high-quality products and services. We should strengthen the protection of the rights and interests of market entities on the platform, urge platform enterprises to assume the responsibility of guaranteeing commodity quality and food safety, safeguard the rights and privacy right of user data, and clarify the responsibility of labor protection of platform enterprises. We should intensify research in key and core technologies, support and guide platform enterprises to increase R&D investment, strengthen basic research, consolidate the underlying technological foundation, and support small and medium-sized science and technology enterprises in making innovation We should also consolidate the construction of network infrastructure.


  The meeting stressed that China's efforts to achieve emission peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060 is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee after careful consideration, which is related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. We should unswervingly implement the new concept of development, adhere to the system concept, coordinate development with emission reduction, the overall with the local and the short-term with the long-term, accelerate the formation of resource-saving and environment-friendly industrial structure, production mode, lifestyle, and spatial pattern with overall green transformation of the economic and social development as the guide and with green and low-carbon energy development as key, and unswervingly follow the path of green, low-carbon and high-quality development that gives priority to ecology. It is necessary to continue to make overall planning at the national level, strengthen top-level design, leverage institutional strengths, consolidate the responsibilities of all parties, and implement policies tailored to local conditions. Top priority should be given to energy and resource conservation, and a comprehensive conservation policy should be implemented to advocate a simple, moderate, green and low-carbon lifestyle. The government and the market should work together to strengthen innovation in science and technology and institutions, and deepen reform in energy and related fields, to form effective incentive and restraint mechanisms. International exchanges and cooperation should be strengthened to effectively coordinate domestic and international energy resources. Besides, we should also strengthen risk identification and control, and strike a balance between pollution decrease and carbon reduction and energy security, industrial chain and supply chain security, food security and people's normal life.


  The meeting pointed out that the "14th Five-Year Plan" is the key period and window period of emission peak, and we should focus on the following work: build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, control the total amount of fossil energy, improve the efficiency of use, implement measures to replace renewable energy, deepen the reform of the power system, and build a new type of power system with new energy as the core; take pollution decrease and carbon reduction actions in key industrial areas, promote green manufacturing in the industrial sector, raise energy-saving standards in construction sector, and accelerate the formation of green and low-carbon transportation method in the transportation sector; promote major breakthroughs in green and low-carbon technologies, promptly deploy research on cutting-edge low-carbon technologies, accelerate the spread and application of pollution decrease and carbon reduction technologies, and establish and improve an evaluation and trading system for green and low-carbon technologies and a service platform for scientific and technological innovation; improve green and low-carbon policies and the market system, improve the dual control system for energy, improve fiscal, tax, price, financial, land and government procurement policies that are conducive to green and low-carbon development, accelerate carbon emission trading, and actively develop green finance; advocate green and low-carbon living, oppose extravagance and waste, encourage green travel, and create a new fashion for green and low-carbon living; enhance the capacity of ecological carbon sink, strengthen territorial space planning and use control, effectively leverage the carbon sequestration role of forests, grasslands, wetlands, marine, soils and frozen soils, and increase the carbon sink increment of ecosystems; intensify international cooperation on climate change, advance the formulation of international rules and standards, and build a green Silk Road.


  The meeting further stressed that achieving emission peak and carbon neutrality will be a tough battle and a major test of the Party's ability to govern the country. We need to strengthen the unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee and improve the oversight and evaluation mechanisms. Party committees and governments at all levels should shoulder their responsibilities and ensure that targets are set, measures are taken and inspections are carried out. The leading cadres should strengthen the study of carbon emissions related knowledge, and enhance the skills of grasp the green and low-carbon development.


  Members of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission attended the meeting, and leading officials of relevant departments of central and state organs present at the meeting.


  This article is taken from the Green Building Academy


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